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Terminology

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  • Use multiple entries to account for capitalization (e.g., Hang-chow, Hang-Chow are both required).
  • For China locations, enter alias in definition list, and modern version in Index at end of page.

Terminology[edit]

This list drives the Lingo extension.

Locations, China[edit]

Amoy
Emouy
Xiamen, Fujian
Anhwei
Gan-Hway
Gan-hway
Ganhwuy
Nganhwui
Anhui Province
Ankai
Ankay
Ankoi
Ankoy
Anxi County, Quanzhou, Fujian
Bohea Hills
Bohea hills
Bohea Mountains
Bohea mountains
Vu-i-shan
Wu-i-shan
Wuyi Mountains, Fujian/Jiangxi
Canton
Guangzhou, Guangdong
Chang-Chow
Chang-chow
Changzhou, Jiangsu | Zhangzhou, Fujian (?)
Chang-shan
Changshan County, Quzhou, Zhejiang
Che-Chow
Che-chow
Chizhou, Anhui
Che Kiang
Che-Keang
Che-keang
Che-Kiang
Che-kiang
Chehkiang
Chek-eang
Chekeang
Chekiang
Zhejiang Province
Chinchew
Chinchu
Chuan-chou
Quanzhou, Fujian
Choo-Chow
Choo-chow
Quzhou, Zhejiang (?)
Chusan
Zhoushan Island, Zhoushan, Zhejiang
Chincheon
Fo-Chien
Fo-chien
Fo-Kien
Fo-kien
Fochen
Fok-in
Fok-yen
Foken
Fokian
Fokien
Fokin
Fuh-Keen
Fuh-keen
Fuhkeen
Fuhkien
Fukien
Fukkein
Tuh-keen
Fujian Province
Foo-Chew
Foo-chew
Foo-Chow
Foo-chow
Foochow
Fow-Cho
Fow-chow
Fuh-chow
Fuzhou, Fujian
Formosa
Tywan
Taiwan
Fung-yang
Fu-yang
Fuyang, Anhui
Fychow
Hwuichau
Whey-chew
Huizhou District, Huangshan City, Anhui | Huizhou, Guangdong (?)
Hang-Chew
Hang-chew
Hang-Chow
Hang-chow
Hangchew
Hangchow
Hangzhou, Zhejiang
Hankow
Hankou, now part of Wuhan, Hebei
Hieu Ning
Xiuning County, Huangshan City, Anhui (?)
Hohow
Hokow
Hukou County, Jiujiang, Jiangxi
Ho-Nan
Ho-nan
Honan
Henan Province
Hoo-Chow
Hoo-chow
Hoochow
Hú chau
Huzhou, Zhejiang
Hoo-peh
Hoo-Peh
Hupeh
Hubei Province
Hwuy-chow
Huizhou region
Keang-Nan
Keang-nan
Keangnan
Kiang Nan
Kiang-Nan
Kiang-nan
Kiang-Nang
Kiang-nang
Kiangnan
Kyiang Nan
Kyiang nan
Jiangnan region
Keang-Se
Keang-se
Keang-Si
Keang-si
Kiang See
Kiang Si
Kiang Sy
Kiang-Se
Kiang-se
Kiang-See
Kiang-see
Kiang-Si
Kiang-si
Kiang-Sy
Kiang-sy
Kiangse
Kiangsi
Kiangsu
Jiangxi Province
Kien chau
Jianzhou (an area of Jilin province, pre-1400s) (?)
Kin-hwa
Jinhua, Zhejiang
Kin-keang
Jingjiang, the Jingzhou section of the Yangtze river
Kwangsi
Guangxi Zhuang AR
Kwangtung
Quan-Tung
Quan-tung
Quantung
Quong Tong
Guangdong Province
Kwei-Chau
Kwei-chau
Kwei-Chou
Kwei-chou
Kwei-Chow
Kwei-chow
Kweichau
Kweichou
Kweichow
Guizhou Province
Lassa
Lhassa
Lhasa, Tibet AR
Macao
Macau SAR
Mong-shan
Mong-Shan
Mingshan County, Ya'an, Sichuan (?)
Mo-yuen
Moo Yuen
Wuyuan County, Shangrao, Jiangxi (formerly of Huizhou region)
Namking
Nankin
Nanking
Nanjing, Jiangsu
Nan-Chang
Nan-chang
Nanchang, Jiangxi
Nan-ling
Nanling Mountains, Guangxi/Guangdong/Hunan
Ning-kwo
Ningguo, Xuancheng, Anhui (?)
Ning-Po
Ning-po
Ningbo, Zhejiang
Pekin
Peking
Beijing
Shang-Hae
Shang-hae
Shanghae
Shanghai
Shaon-king
Shaoxing, Zhejiang (?)
Shensi
Shangxi Province (?)
Stream of Nine Windings
Min River, Fujian
Sz'chuen
Szechuan
Szechwan
Sichuan Province
Tae-chow
Taizhou, Zhejiang
Tseuen-chow
Quanzhou, Fujian
Tun-che
Tunxi District, Huangshan City, Anhui
Tung-yu
Tonglu County, Hangzhou, Zhejiang
Whampoa
Huangpu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong
Xemsi
Jiangsu Province (?)
Ya-Chow
Ya-chow
Yazhou
Yá chau
Ya'an, Sichuan
Yen-chow
Yangzhou Township, Zhejiang
Yuen chau
Yuanzhou District, Yichun, Jiangxi
Yun-nan
Yunnan Province

Locations, Japan[edit]

Edo
Jeddo
Yeddo
Yedo
Tokyo, Japan
Nangasaki
Nagasaki, Japan
Udsi
Uji, Japan

Locations, India[edit]

Almorah
Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India
Bombay
Mumbai, India
Brahmapootra
Brahmaputra River, Tibet/India
Calcutta
Kolkata, India
Camroop
Camrup
Kamrup, India
Fort Saint George
Fort Saint George, Chennai, India
Fort William
Fort William, Kolkata, India
Gurwal
Gurwhal
Garwhal, Uttarakhand, India
Hindostan
Hindustan
Northern India
Kamaon
Kemaon
Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India
Madras
Chennai, India
North-East Frontier
region of India, now Arunachal Pradesh
North Western Provinces
North-Western Provinces
region of India, 1836-1902, now Uttar Pradesh
N.W.P.
North-Western Provinces (region of India, 1836-1902, now Uttar Pradesh)
Panjab
Punjab, India/Pakistan
Paorie
Pauri, Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India

Locations, Other[edit]

Ava
Innwa, Burma
Bandong
Bandoeng
Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
Batavia
Jakarta, Indonesia
Bencoolen
Bengkulu, Sumatra, Indonesia
Birmah
Burma
Bootan
Tibet/Bhutan (-1780); Bhutan (1780-)
Buitenzorg
Bogor, Jakarta, Indonesia
Cashmere
Kashmir region (India/Pakistan/China)
Cochin
southern Vietnam
Corea
Korea
Garoet
Garut, West Java, Indonesia
Island de Ladrones
Mariana Islands
Kiachta
Kyakhta/Kiakhta, Russia
Kurachi
Karachi, Pakistan
Malaca
Malacca City or Malacca (state/region), Malaysia
Martaban
Mottama, Burma
Nipal
Nepaul
Nepal
Siam
Thailand
Talawakelle
Talawakele, Sri Lanka
Thibet
Tibet
Tonkin
Tonquin
northern Vietnam

Old Latin City Names[edit]

Amberes
Antwerp, Belgium
Amstelodami
Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Argentorati
Strasbourg, France | Strasburg, Germany
Augustae Vindelicorum
Augsburg, Germany
Basiliae
Basel, Switzerland
Bergomi
Bergoma, Italy
Berolini
Berlin, Germany
Budissae
Budissinae
Bautzen, Germany
Burdegalae
Burdigalae
Bordeaux, France
Cadomi
Caen, France
Coloniae Agrippinae
Köln (Cologne), Germany
Dantzic
Dantzick
Dantzig
Gedani
Gdansk (Danzig), Poland
Ebroduni
Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland
Francof. ad Moen
Francoforti
Francofurtii
Frankfort
Frankfurt, Germany
Genuae
Genoa, Italy
Hafniae
Copenhagen, Denmark
Hagae Comitum
The Hague, the Netherlands
Hamburgh
Hamburg, Germany
Havannah
Havana, Cuba
Holmiae
Stockholm, Sweden
Leghorn
Livorno, Italy
Leidae
Leyde
Leyden
Leiden, the Netherlands
Lipsiae
Leipzig, Germany
Lugduni
Lyon, France
Monachii
Munich, Germany
Norimberg
Norimbergae
Nürnberg (Nuremberg), Germany
Nyasaland
Malawi
Oxonii
Oxford, England
Petersburgh
Petersburg
Pragae
Prague, Czech Republic
Rostochii
Rostock, Germany
Saint Helena
St. Helena
British colony, South Pacific
Slesvici
Schleswig, Germany
Ultrajectina
Utrecht, the Netherlands
Ulyssipone
Lisbon, Portugal
Vindobonae
Vienna, Austria

Measures[edit]

If we can get Module:Convert working, then let's remove this section and add these to the units table.

catty
1 catty = 1/100 pecul = 1 1/3 lb.
catties
1 catty = 1/100 pecul = 1 1/3 lb.
pecul
1 pecul = 133 1/3 lbs.
pood
1 pood = 16.38 kg = 36.11 lb

Plants[edit]

Arabian jessamine
Arabian Jessamine
Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum sambac)
Camphire
camphire
Henna (Lawsonia inermis)

Index[edit]

Administrative Divisions of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Source: Wiki Commons.

Key[edit]

  • (P) Provincial level
    • (P-) Sub-Provincial level
    • (R) Prefectural level
      • (R-) Sub-Prefecture level
      • (C) County level
        • (T) Township level
          • (V) Village level

* = Provincial Capital

Provinces, Prefectures, Counties, Towns, Villages[edit]

Geographical/Historical Locations[edit]

  • Huizhou (徽州 Huīzhōu) historical region intersecting Huangshan City and Jixi County (s. Anhui) and Wuyuan County (n. Jiangxi): Hwuy-chow(32)
  • Jiangnan (江南 Jiāngnán) geographic region intersecting Shanghai, s. Jiangsu, s. Anhui, n. Jiangxi, & n. Zhejiang: Keangnan, Keang-nan, Keang-Nan, Kiangnan, Kiang-nan, Kiang-Nan, Kiang-nang, Kiang-Nang, Kiang Nan, Kyiang Nan, Kyiang nan
  • Min River: there are two Min Rivers; the first, most often the one meant by tea authors, is Min River (闽江 Mǐn Jiāng) in Fujian, upon which Fuzhou is situated; the second is Min River ((岷江 Mín Jiāng) in Sichuan. The former (Fujian) is also called "The Stream of Nine Windings".
  • Nanling Mountains (南嶺 Nánlǐng) group of mountain ranges intersecting Guangxi Zhuang, Guangdong, and Hunan: Nan-ling(33)
  • Wuyi Mountains (武夷山 Wǔyí Shān) a mountain range in Nanping prefecture, n. border of Fujian w. Jiangxi: Vu-i-shan, Wu-i-shan
  • Yangtze River (長江): the longest and most important river in Asia. Stretches have historically had local names, such as:
    • Chuan Jing the Sichuan section, Yibin to Yichang
    • Jingjiang (荆江) the Jingzhou section of the river: Kin-keang(34)
    • Yangzi Jiang near Yangzhou
  • Zhoushan Island (舟山岛) principal island of the Zhoushan Archipelago

Notes[edit]

Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Xiamen, Fujian

Xiamen, Fujian

Anhui Province

Anhui Province

Anhui Province

Anhui Province

Anhui Province

Anxi County, Quanzhou, Fujian

Anxi County, Quanzhou, Fujian

Anxi County, Quanzhou, Fujian

Anxi County, Quanzhou, Fujian

Wuyi Mountains, Fujian/Jiangxi

Wuyi Mountains, Fujian/Jiangxi

Wuyi Mountains, Fujian/Jiangxi

Wuyi Mountains, Fujian/Jiangxi

Wuyi Mountains, Fujian/Jiangxi

Wuyi Mountains, Fujian/Jiangxi

Guangzhou, Guangdong

Changzhou, Jiangsu | Zhangzhou, Fujian (?)

Changzhou, Jiangsu | Zhangzhou, Fujian (?)

Changshan County, Quzhou, Zhejiang

Chizhou, Anhui

Chizhou, Anhui

Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province

Quanzhou, Fujian

Quanzhou, Fujian

Quanzhou, Fujian

Quzhou, Zhejiang (?)

Quzhou, Zhejiang (?)

Zhoushan Island, Zhoushan, Zhejiang

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fujian Province

Fuzhou, Fujian

Fuzhou, Fujian

Fuzhou, Fujian

Fuzhou, Fujian

Fuzhou, Fujian

Fuzhou, Fujian

Fuzhou, Fujian

Fuzhou, Fujian

Taiwan

Taiwan

Fuyang, Anhui

Fuyang, Anhui

Huizhou District, Huangshan City, Anhui | Huizhou, Guangdong (?)

Huizhou District, Huangshan City, Anhui | Huizhou, Guangdong (?)

Huizhou District, Huangshan City, Anhui | Huizhou, Guangdong (?)

Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Hankou, now part of Wuhan, Hebei

Xiuning County, Huangshan City, Anhui (?)

Hukou County, Jiujiang, Jiangxi

Hukou County, Jiujiang, Jiangxi

Henan Province

Henan Province

Henan Province

Huzhou, Zhejiang

Huzhou, Zhejiang

Huzhou, Zhejiang

Huzhou, Zhejiang

Hubei Province

Hubei Province

Hubei Province

Huizhou region

Jiangnan region

Jiangnan region

Jiangnan region

Jiangnan region

Jiangnan region

Jiangnan region

Jiangnan region

Jiangnan region

Jiangnan region

Jiangnan region

Jiangnan region

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province

Jianzhou (an area of Jilin province, pre-1400s) (?)

Jinhua, Zhejiang

Jingjiang, the Jingzhou section of the Yangtze river

Guangxi Zhuang AR

Guangdong Province

Guangdong Province

Guangdong Province

Guangdong Province

Guangdong Province

Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province

Lhasa, Tibet AR

Lhasa, Tibet AR

Macau SAR

Mingshan County, Ya'an, Sichuan (?)

Mingshan County, Ya'an, Sichuan (?)

Wuyuan County, Shangrao, Jiangxi (formerly of Huizhou region)

Wuyuan County, Shangrao, Jiangxi (formerly of Huizhou region)

Nanjing, Jiangsu

Nanjing, Jiangsu

Nanjing, Jiangsu

Nanchang, Jiangxi

Nanchang, Jiangxi

Nanling Mountains, Guangxi/Guangdong/Hunan

Ningguo, Xuancheng, Anhui (?)

Ningbo, Zhejiang

Ningbo, Zhejiang

Beijing

Beijing

Shanghai

Shanghai

Shanghai

Shaoxing, Zhejiang (?)

Shangxi Province (?)

Min River, Fujian

Sichuan Province

Sichuan Province

Sichuan Province

Taizhou, Zhejiang

Quanzhou, Fujian

Tunxi District, Huangshan City, Anhui

Tonglu County, Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Huangpu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong

Jiangsu Province (?)

Ya'an, Sichuan

Ya'an, Sichuan

Ya'an, Sichuan

Ya'an, Sichuan

Yangzhou Township, Zhejiang

Yuanzhou District, Yichun, Jiangxi

Yunnan Province

Tokyo, Japan

Tokyo, Japan

Tokyo, Japan

Tokyo, Japan

Nagasaki, Japan

Uji, Japan

Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India

Mumbai, India

Brahmaputra River, Tibet/India

Kolkata, India

Kamrup, India

Kamrup, India

Fort Saint George, Chennai, India

Fort William, Kolkata, India

Garwhal, Uttarakhand, India

Garwhal, Uttarakhand, India

Northern India

Northern India

Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India

Kumaon, Uttarakhand, India

Chennai, India

region of India, now Arunachal Pradesh

region of India, 1836-1902, now Uttar Pradesh

region of India, 1836-1902, now Uttar Pradesh

North-Western Provinces (region of India, 1836-1902, now Uttar Pradesh)

Punjab, India/Pakistan

Pauri, Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India

Innwa, Burma

Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

Jakarta, Indonesia

Bengkulu, Sumatra, Indonesia

Burma

Tibet/Bhutan (-1780); Bhutan (1780-)

Bogor, Jakarta, Indonesia

Kashmir region (India/Pakistan/China)

southern Vietnam

Korea

Garut, West Java, Indonesia

Mariana Islands

Kyakhta/Kiakhta, Russia

Karachi, Pakistan

Malacca City or Malacca (state/region), Malaysia

Mottama, Burma

Nepal

Nepal

Thailand

Talawakele, Sri Lanka

Tibet

northern Vietnam

northern Vietnam

Antwerp, Belgium

Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Strasbourg, France | Strasburg, Germany

Augsburg, Germany

Basel, Switzerland

Bergoma, Italy

Berlin, Germany

Bautzen, Germany

Bautzen, Germany

Bordeaux, France

Bordeaux, France

Caen, France

Köln (Cologne), Germany

Gdansk (Danzig), Poland

Gdansk (Danzig), Poland

Gdansk (Danzig), Poland

Gdansk (Danzig), Poland

Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland

Frankfurt, Germany

Frankfurt, Germany

Frankfurt, Germany

Frankfurt, Germany

Genoa, Italy

Copenhagen, Denmark

The Hague, the Netherlands

Hamburg, Germany

Havana, Cuba

Stockholm, Sweden

Livorno, Italy

Leiden, the Netherlands

Leiden, the Netherlands

Leiden, the Netherlands

Leipzig, Germany

Lyon, France

Munich, Germany

Nürnberg (Nuremberg), Germany

Nürnberg (Nuremberg), Germany

Malawi

Oxford, England

Petersburg

Prague, Czech Republic

Rostock, Germany

British colony, South Pacific

British colony, South Pacific

Schleswig, Germany

Utrecht, the Netherlands

Lisbon, Portugal

Vienna, Austria

1 catty = 1/100 pecul = 1 1/3 lb.

1 pecul = 133 1/3 lbs.

1 catty = 1/100 pecul = 1 1/3 lb.

1 pood = 16.38 kg = 36.11 lb

Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum sambac)

Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum sambac)

Henna (Lawsonia inermis)

Henna (Lawsonia inermis)